The research paper lets you disseminate your research findings in scientific articles and journals. But, this paper doesn’t consist of only your resea
The research paper lets you disseminate your research findings in scientific articles and journals. But, this paper doesn’t consist of only your research findings. A successful research paper consists of three elements:
• The overall idea
• The execution of work
• The presentation of the work
Your professors would look for these three elements while assessing your research paper. Here are the essential steps that will help you write an impressive research paper irrespective of the topic.
What is the structure and approach for writing the research paper?
Scientific research begins with a specific research question. This question leads to a well-designed research protocol that ultimately governs the overall approach. You must have collected your sets of data through research or experiments. The entire research paper can be constructed from these sets of data. So let’s begin with the essential components to include in the research paper.
1. Title Page
This is the first thing your professors will see in your research paper. Compose a title that reflects your investigation or research and is simple, accurate, and attractive. Also, provide the entire contact information for the corresponding author.
What to avoid?
• Phrases such as study, investigation, facile, etc.
• Acronyms are known to only a specialised community.
Poor title: Study of SERS chemical enhancement factors with buffer layer assisted the growth of metal nanoparticles on self-assembled monolayers.
Strong title: “Signal-On” detection of DNA hole transfer at the single-molecule level
The abstract shouldn’t rely on any part of the report. It is supposed to be an independent document. Also, the body of your report shouldn’t depend on any material in the abstract.
• The first two or three sentences should focus on what your research paper is about.
• Include the research findings in a style that anyone reading it is able to read and understand.
• Use your creativity t generate your readers’ curiosity.
Title: Large aggregated ions found in protic ionic liquids
Large aggregated parent ions were observed using ESI-MS within some protic ionic liquids. We successfully showed that the formation and size of aggregates depend on the cation and anion’s nature. Solvent structuring in specific PILs via aggregation strongly impacts the entropic component to the free energy of amphiphile self-assembly in PILs.
The opening paragraph provides a map to your readers of the overall structure of your research paper. The introduction starts with a brief literature review or background information related to your topic. It is followed by the thesis statement, which conveys the main message of the research paper.
Here are the dos and don’ts to follow while writing the introduction:
Define concepts or terms whenever necessary
Present contextual material or relevant background details
Explain the purpose of writing the paper
Endless information on the author
Results of your analysis
Irrelevant details that have nothing to do with your central idea
Students often write the ‘Methods’ section first, followed by other chapters in your research paper. This is where you need to provide a straightforward description of the methods you have used in your study.
Here’s what to include in this section:
• How has the research been conducted?
• Which tools did you use to achieve your research objectives?
• Which data have been gathered?
• How have the data sets been managed?
Keep the explanations concise and brief. Use easy language so that your readers can mimic the exact methods if required.
As the name suggests, this is where you need to present the experimental data to your readers. Do not discuss or interpret the results yet. Instead, just state the results in tables and figures.
Keep the following tips in mind:
• Your graphs and tables should be able to speak for themselves.
• Keep only the results here and not the discussions.
• There’s no need to convey in words what the tables or graphs have already conveyed. Just point out the key findings instead.
• The graphics should be clearly readable.
For instance, let’s say your research paper is based on experimental studies. In that case, you need the key statistics such as the index of dispersion, the number of samples, etc.
Now comes the most challenging section in a research paper- Discussions. This section is also known as the counterpart to the introduction since it leads the readers from narrow or specific results to a more general conclusion.
The ‘Discussion’ chapter consists of the following:
• A recapitulation of the aims of your scientific study
• Background details
• A comparison of results with previously published articles
• Hypotheses drawn from the results
• Proposed follow-up research questions
Summarise the most important research findings in your study. Compare these findings in the light of other similar studies. It is better if you could include the potential weaknesses of your interpretation as well. At the end of this section, consider other works in your field that address your topic.
First, introduce the research study, followed by a brief overview of the major results. State and evaluate the major points of discussion and show how it connects to the thesis statement in your introduction. Finally, show how your research contributes to the overall field of study.
Write a brief statement where you acknowledge the efforts of any consultants or participants in your research. You can acknowledge their efforts if you haven’t included their names as the authors of the manuscript. Besides the participant’s names, state the funding sources for your work as well.
Whether you are writing the research paper or the research proposal, citing the sources is mandatory. You must also include all the references that you have cited in the text. The references should consist of all key sources in your field that support the present study. You should talk to your professors if you aren’t sure which citation format to use.
Besides the chapters discussed above, the research paper should also have captions for all the tables, graphs and figures you use. It takes time to execute each step and complete the research paper. So, do not rush. Now you know what information you need to write this paper. So, proceed accordingly. Good Luck.