The history of English Literature is a huge as well as dynamic one in england . The development this era saw was a commendable one which in turn contr
The history of English Literature is a huge as well as dynamic one in england . The development this era saw was a commendable one which in turn contributed largely to the field of literature.
Each era in English Literature, had some or the other unique quality in itself and remarkable contributions were made in every era.
Be it Geoffrey Chaucer, William Shakespeare, Sir Philip Sydney, or any other writer, all made unique contributions that are remembered till date. England saw the rise and fall of many dynasties and all these dynasties had some or the other impact on the writings in that era.
Students pursuing English Literature sometimes face difficulty marking out which age exactly contributed to what feature in English Literature. Therefore, these students have to go for assignment help or homework help in English Literature.
There were various movements, that developed as a result of the literary trends in each age. These movements comprised of a group of various writers who together contributed to the field:
- Cavalier poets contributed to one of the moments in the field of English Literature. These poets were the one who were called the Suns of Ben. The main filed of their writing was about courtly love.
They are called Suns of Ben because they were followers of the famous writer Ben Johnson, who was a Jacobian writer. Notable poets in these field were William Davenant and Richard Lovelace.
- Renaissance was one of the most popular trends in this field. Although it began in Florence, it had a remarkable impact in England.
Renaissance literally means rebirth and as the name says it brought the revival of a new form of literature deviating from the old one, in England. The early classical literature focus mainly on the concept of the church and the plays either dealt with morality or were mysterious ones.
All of them carried a strong moral to be conveyed to the then audience. Renaissance brought a change in the subject matter with dramatist like Shakespeare and Marlowe taking the baton in their hand to contribute the same.
Their work became evergreen literature because their themes find relevance even today. Poetry too saw a great rise at the hand of Edmund Spenser and Sir Phillip Sydney.
- Metaphysical poetry was another prominent trend in the 17th century England. The term metaphysical means something that is beyond the earthly existence.
John Donne was a prominent poet in this field and he became an idol for poets like George Herbert and Andrew Marvell. John Donne specifically wrote on his love being metaphysical and the beauty of his poems lied in the use of metaphysical conceits.
- The Augustan Age was another thriving era in the field of English Literature. A break from the early themes was seen in this age with the subject matter specially being social and satirical.
Alexander Pope’s mock epic poem The Rape of the Lock is a stark satire at the then society and its practices. Similarly, Jonathan Swift came with his famous Gulliver’s Travel and the Tale of the Tub were again master pieces on the same theme.
- Post the Augustan Age was the age of Romanticism and this romantic movement drew its entire attention to the lives and the feelings of the common men.
The prominent poet of this age William Wordsworth said that his poetry was for the common people and thus written in the simplest of English for their understanding.
Use of ornamental words was not the task that Wordsworth wanted to achieve. Samuel Taylor Coleridge chose a subject different from that of Wordsworth and mostly wrote on super-natural element.
One of his most prominent poems is Kubla Khan. This period also saw the writings of Lord Byron, John Keats, P. B. Shelley and Victor Hugo. All of them agreed with Wordsworth’s definition of poetry and contributed in the same manner.
- Gothic Novels flourished at the hand of the Bronte sisters. They wrote while creating a mystical element in their work.
Although, the reader would never get the evidence of any such thing being prevalent in their work. Jane Eyre by Charlotte Bronte is a popular work in this genre.
- Imagism was another prominent movement in the late 19th and the early 20th century that flourished at the hand of Ezra Pound and T.S. Eliot. Imagism meant the portrayal of ideas through words that were less but much to convey the exact image in the mind of the readers.
Ezra Pound’s In a Station of Metro best conveys the idea and T. S. Eliot, his student, carried the idea further in his Wasteland.
- Modernism was yet another popular movement that flourished in the 19th century. This phase was the pre-war and the post war one, where the writers deviated from the early traditions and experimented in their works.
The works were more of psychological ones since the world was disintegrating in the pre-war and the post-war era.
Disillusionment and the futility of life prevailed in every work written in the era. Nowhere could be seen the positivity of the earlier ages.
- Post-modernism saw a carrying forward of the idea of modernism. The post modern period tried liberating itself from the modern period but morality became a more personal idea in this era.
This ear saw the development of the theatre of absurd that best highlighted the then human tendency of futility and meaninglessness of life.
- Symbolism was yet another movement that flourished in the 20th century. Symbols were used to denote ideas that the writers wanted to convey.
- The era also saw works written on Realism. The concept portrayed the exact situation of the society rather than being written merely for entertainment. Henrik Ibsen’s A Doll’s House is the best example of work on realism.